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 Betreff des Beitrags: Spotlights on Scottish history
BeitragVerfasst: 26. Apr 2009, 23:01 
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Widukind
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"Braveheart" William Wallace (born circa 1270, executed in 1305):

This Scottish freedom fighter called for resistance against King Edward I. of England who had claimed sovereignty over Scotland and had forced the Scottish King John de Balliol to abdiction.

In the Battle of Stirling Bridge Wallace and his men inflicted a crushing defeat to the English combatants, chased them away from Scotland and haunted them as far as Northern England.

But later on Edward defeated William Wallace in the Battle of Falkirk.

William fled, but betrayed by Scottish noblemen, he was captured, brought to London and sentenced to death, after he had refused to swear devotedness to Edward.

Immediately after the "trial," Wallace was taken to the place of execution. He was stripped naked, bound and dragged face down four miles, under the tails of two horses. As he was led to the scaffold, William asked for his psalter to be held open where he could see it.

To ensure Wallace felt the most extreme effects of the sentence, officials made sure William hanged but did not die. While he was still alive, his genitals were cut off with a dull blade. His intestines were cut out and burned in his presence. Only after he had endured torture, beyond human comprehension, he was beheaded. After he died, his body was quartered. The body parts were sent to Newcastle, Stirling, Berwick and Perth, as specified in the sentence.

Stirling received one of his arms. Legend has it that once the flesh deteriorated, monks at Cambuskenneth Abbey buried Williams's arm somewhere on the Abbey's grounds. As one last stroke of defiance, the buried arm was outstretched toward Abbey Craig, the scene of William's great victory against the English at Stirling Bridge.

Bild
Stirling, Wallace Monument

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 Betreff des Beitrags:
BeitragVerfasst: 27. Apr 2009, 16:52 
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The Declaration of Arbroath was sent to the Pope in 1320 by Scottish nobles (i.e. soon after the wars of independence featuring William Wallace, Robert the Bruce et al). It affirmed Scotland's right to independence, and set the will and the wishes of the people above those of their king.

It was far ahead of its time and was studied closely by the founding fathers of the USA when they were writing the American constitution. :cool:

The most famous quote is:-
"For as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom - for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself." :devil

As a 14 year old history student, I misquoted this text in an exam i.e. I finished with "but to his wife".
My history teacher thought it was funny, but my wife sees nothing wrong wife my version! :love4 :zipp


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 Betreff des Beitrags: The Battle of Bannockburn (June 23-24, 1314)
BeitragVerfasst: 2. Mai 2009, 00:31 
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Bild

BANNOCKBURN

High over Bannockburn, battle of no return.
Bruce ranked his Scottishmen all in good order.
Down on the other side - fifty divisions wide.
Edward had brought his men over the border.
Armoured from head to fist, glimpsed through the morning mist
Soldiers of Robert Bruce awaiting the order.
Down on the lower ground, trumpets and bugles sound
Edward of England had crossed over the border.

Proud was the English king, loud did his harpists sing.
Scatter the Scottishmen all in disorder,
'Death' shouted Robert Bruce, 'Death ere we sign a truce.
Chase the sassenach* back o'er the border'.
'Now' shouted Bruce the king 'We'll either die or win.
Into the enemy all in good order.
Freedom for Scotland and death to King Edward's men.
Chase the sassenach back o'er the border'.

Face to face across the Bannockburn ;
Spears and swords are held in good order.
Lines of steel in waves begin to move,
Grim and steady to die for the border.
'On them! On them!' hear the Douglas shout.
'Smash their ranks in utter disorder'.
Shields and spears and swords together clash.
Screams of death are heard o'er the border.

Slashing and clashing the Bannockburn flows with blood.
Horses and soldiers in mangled disorder.
Yelling and felling the grass is a gory red.
Out with the sassenach. Out o'er the border.
Freedom and right was the slogan of Robert Bruce.
Chains for the slaves shouted Edward of England.
Death to the sassenach, we'll be free at last.
Chase the sassenach back o'er the border.
Chase the sassenach back o'er the border.

Jim McLean
_____
*Sassenach is a word used chiefly by the Scots to designate an Englishman.
It derives from the Scottish Gaelic Sasunnach meaning, originally, "Saxon".


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 Betreff des Beitrags:
BeitragVerfasst: 17. Jul 2009, 10:47 
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Isabel Countess of Buchan

On the 25th of March 1306 Robert de Bruce was crowned King of Scots at Scone Abbey, wearing robes borrowed for the day from the Archbishop of Glasgow.
He was now King of a conquered and demoralised people.

Tradition stated that he should sit on the "Lia Fail" (Stone of Destiny) and have the crown placed on his head by the Earl of Fife.
The stone, stolen by Edward I. of England, Hammer of the Scots, was now in England, as was the Earl of Fife.

The day after Robert was crowned, Isabel the Countess of Fife and Buchan appeared at Scone and insisted on her right to crown the new king, King of Scots.
She did this despite the fact that her husband and her father, both told forbad her to do so. They had both taken an oath to serve Edward.

On the 26th of March the beautiful young Lady Isabel placed the crown on King Robert´s head for the second time.
He was the only Scottish monarch to be crowned twice.

Edward upon hearing of her actions declared her an outlaw. Being a woman she was supposed to have followed her husband´s oath.
Her defiance of this was unheard of at this time in history and made her a very brave woman. When she was captured, her husband wanted her put to death for her actions.
But, instead at Edward´s insistence she was placed in a wooden cage, which was then placed over the ramparts of Berwick Castle and there she remained.
She remained in public gaze and exposed to all elements of the weather for four whole years until she was rescued by Bruce´s forces.
She died young due to the high toll her time in the cage took on her health. Lady Isabel lived in a time when a woman was a mere chattel to her husband
and a bargaining tool for her father. Her efforts are now symbolised in the woman´s movement by the figure of a woman in a cage.
Ask most of these women protesters who the figure represents and they will tell you they don´t know... but you do.

_________________
"I do not have the talent of conversing easily with people I have never met before."
Mr. Darcy


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 Betreff des Beitrags: Re: Spotlights on Scottish history
BeitragVerfasst: 30. Nov 2011, 19:54 
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Andy hat geschrieben:
The most famous quote is: -

"For as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom - for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself."


Now on St. Andrew's Day I solemnly quote these word in Latin:

"Quia quamdiu Centum ex nobis vivi remanserint, nuncquam Anglorum dominio aliquatenus volumus subiugari. Non enim propter gloriam, divicias aut honores pugnamus set propter libertatem solummodo quam Nemo bonus nisi simul cum vita amittit."

:torte :torte :torte

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Gnädigster und durchlauchtigster aller Lords der Highlands and Islands, Bezwinger des Loch-Ness-Monsters,
Freund der Stewarts, Herrscher über Caithness, Orkney and Shetland,
Fürst der Fair Isle und der nördlichen Nordsee, Lord of Inverness,
gefürsteter Herzog von Drumnadrochit, Blairgowrie and Dunkeld


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 Betreff des Beitrags: Re:
BeitragVerfasst: 12. Sep 2018, 21:05 
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Andy hat geschrieben:
The most famous quote is:-

"For as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule. It is not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom - for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself."


And here it is in the original Latin again:

Quia quamdiu Centum ex nobis vivi remanserint, nuncquam Anglorum dominio aliquatenus volumus subiugari. Non enim propter gloriam, divicias aut honores pugnamus set propter libertatem solummodo quam Nemo bonus nisi simul cum vita amittit

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Plec'h moc'h hwi, Brokilien, Vivian ha Merzin?
Plec'h moc'h hwi Brokilien, hunvreou pell a gevrin?


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