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 Betreff des Beitrags: Michaelmas draws nigh .....
BeitragVerfasst: 27. Sep 2009, 09:57 
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A half-forgotten holiday:

Zitat:
There are traditionally four “quarter days” in a year (Lady Day (25th March), Midsummer (24th June), Michaelmas (29th September) and Christmas (25th December)). They are spaced three months apart, on religious festivals, usually close to the solstices or equinoxes. They were the four dates on which servants were hired, rents due or leases begun. It used to be said that harvest had to be completed by Michaelmas, almost like the marking of the end of the productive season and the beginning of the new cycle of farming. It was the time at which new servants were hired or land was exchanged and debts were paid. This is how it came to be for Michaelmas to be the time for electing magistrates and also the beginning of legal and university terms.



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BeitragVerfasst: 28. Sep 2009, 06:20 
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Michaelmass reminds me of this old ballad:

Zitat:
There lived a wife at Usher's Well,
And a wealthy wife was she;
She had three stout and stalwart sons,
And sent them over the sea.

They hadna been a week from her,
A week but barely ane,
Whan word came to the carline wife,
That her three sons were gane.

They hadna been a week from her,
A week but barely three,
Whan word came to the carlin wife
That her three sons were gone.

"I wish the wind may never cease,
Nor fashes in the flood,
Till my three sons come hame to me,
In earthly flesh and blood."

It befell about the Martinmass,
When nights are long and mirk,
The carlin wife's three sons came hame,
And their hats were o the birk.

It neither grew in syke nor ditch,
Nor yet in ony sheugh;
But at the gates o Paradise,
That birk grew fair enough

"Blow up the fire my maidens,
Bring water from the well;
For a' my house shall feast this night,
Since my three sons are well."

And she has made to them a bed,
She's made it large and wide,
And she's taen her mantle her about,
Sat down at the bed-side.

Up then crew the red, red, cock,
And up the crew the gray;
The eldest to the youngest said,
'Tis time we were away.

The cock he hadna crawed but once,
And clappd his wings at a',
When the youngest to the eldest said,
Brother, we must awa.

The cock doth craw, the day both daw,
The cahannerin worm doth chide;
Gin we be mist out o our place,
A sair pain we maun bide.

"Fare ye weel, my mother dear!
Fareweel to barn and byre!
And fare ye weel, the bonny lass
That kindles my mother's fire!"


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In the version that I know it is on Michaelmass and not on Martinmass when the two sons come home.

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 Betreff des Beitrags:
BeitragVerfasst: 28. Sep 2009, 06:24 
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And here you can hear this ballad:

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BeitragVerfasst: 29. Sep 2009, 15:08 
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In 1662, King CharlesII introduced a Chimney Tax (one shilling per chimney) payable on both Michaelmas Day and Lady Day to help pay the bills of the Royal Household. :devil

Given his "green" ideals, it is possible Prince Charles will try to reintroduce this tax when/if he becomes King. :evil:

This is unlikely, however, since he will remember that CharlesI "had his goose cooked" in 1649. (He was executed some time after the English Civil War). :weia :zipp


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BeitragVerfasst: 30. Sep 2009, 14:17 
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Andy hat geschrieben:
Given his "green" ideals, it is possible Prince Charles will try to reintroduce this tax when/if he becomes King. :evil:



What about a window tax? Ususally there are more windows than chimneys in the house. :devil

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BeitragVerfasst: 1. Okt 2009, 00:32 
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King William III (confusingly William II or "King Billy" in Scotland) introduced a Window Tax in 1696. (It started at 2 shillings for houses with at least 6 windows). Some property owners bricked up windows to cut down their tax liability, but this is unlikely to be the origin of the phrase "daylight robbery". Window Tax operated in Britain for about 150 years.

I have not asked Prince William whether he intends to reintroduce it if/when he becomes king! However, he should be aware that the Jacobites planned (without success) to assassinate King Billy - maybe they preferred the chimney tax(which he abolished in 1689). :devil


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BeitragVerfasst: 1. Okt 2009, 04:45 
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Three cheers for the Jacobites! :)

And for Bonnie Prince Charlie and his Drambuie! :essen

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BeitragVerfasst: 1. Okt 2009, 20:07 
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Three cheers for the Jacobites - mass extinction for the trilobites (250 million years ago) :zipp

Michaelmas day was 11th October back then! :wink:


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BeitragVerfasst: 2. Okt 2009, 08:06 
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I had to look them up: :)

Zitat:
Trilobites ("three-lobes") are a well-known fossil group of extinct marine arthropods that form the class Trilobita. Trilobites first appear in the fossil record during the Early Cambrian period (540 million years ago) and flourished throughout the lower Paleozoic era before beginning a drawn-out decline to extinction when, during the Devonian, all trilobite orders, with the sole exception of Proetida, died out. Trilobites finally disappeared in the mass extinction at the end of the Permian about 250 million years ago.



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BeitragVerfasst: 2. Okt 2009, 08:07 
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And three cheers for the robot vacuum cleaner Electrolux Trilobite. :torte

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BeitragVerfasst: 2. Okt 2009, 18:33 
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Three chheers for the robot vacuum cleaner - And three beers for both of us! :devil :mrgreen:


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BeitragVerfasst: 2. Okt 2009, 19:27 
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:essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen :essen

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 Betreff des Beitrags: Re: Michaelmas draws nigh .....
BeitragVerfasst: 29. Sep 2011, 00:38 
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Michaelmas has come today: :torte

Zitat:
During the Middle Ages, Michaelmas was celebrated as a Holy Day of Obligation, but this tradition was abolished in the 18th century. Lutheran Christians consider it a principal feast of Christ, and the Lutheran Confessor, Philip Melanchthon, wrote a hymn for the day that is still sung in Lutheran Churches: "Lord God to Thee We Give." It was also one of the English, Welsh and Irish quarter days when accounts had to be settled. On manors, it was the day when a reeve was elected from the peasants. Traditional meal for the day includes goose (a "stubble-goose", i.e. one prepared around harvest time) and a special cake called a St Michael's bannock. On the Isle of Skye, Scotland, a procession was held.

In addition, the traditional printer's fete, the wayzgoose, was celebrated on or around Michalemas, again, as a celebration of the changing seasons, it being the advent of work by candlelight. The master printer would provide a feast for his journeymen and apprentices, and traditionally, a stubble-goose was also prepared.

[edit] Differences in number of archangelsIn Anglican and Episcopal tradition, there are three or four archangels in its calendar for 29 September feast for St. Michael and All Angels: namely Michael, Gabriel and Raphael,[2] and often, Uriel.[3][4][5][6][7] The Bible itself identifies only Michael as "the archangel" (book of Jude, verse 9) and does not identify any other creatures as being archangels.

[edit] Autumn term in universitiesMain article: Michaelmas term
It is used in the extended sense of autumn, used as the name of the first term of the academic year, which begins at this time, at various educational institutions in the United Kingdom and Ireland (typically those with lengthy history and traditions, notably the Universities of Glasgow, Cambridge, Oxford, King's College London, Durham, Aberystwyth and Dublin).

[edit] Use by legal professionThe Inns of Court of the English Bar and the Honorable Society of King's Inns in Ireland also have a Michaelmas term as one of their dining terms. It begins in September and ends towards the end of December.

The term is also the name of the first of four terms into which the legal year is divided by the courts of Wales and England.[8]

The U.S. Supreme Court follows this tradition (though not by name) by convening each new term the first Monday in October, which is shortly after Michaelmas.[9]

[edit] Modern observancesMichaelmas is still celebrated in the Waldorf schools, which celebrate it as the "festival of strong will" during the autumnal equinox. Rudolf Steiner considered it the second most important festival after Easter ("he is risen, therefore he can be laid in the grave.")[10]

[edit] Old Michaelmas DayOld Michaelmas Day falls on October 11 (October 10 according to some sources). According to an old legend, blackberries should not be picked after this date. This is because, so folklore goes, Satan was banished from Heaven on this day, fell into a blackberry bush and cursed the brambles as he fell into them. In Yorkshire, it is said that the devil had spat on them. According to Morrell (1977), this old legend is well-known in all parts of the United Kingdom, even as far north as the Orkney Islands.


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 Betreff des Beitrags: Re: Michaelmas draws nigh .....
BeitragVerfasst: 29. Sep 2013, 02:46 
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Michaelmas has come again! :torte

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 Betreff des Beitrags: Re: Michaelmas draws nigh .....
BeitragVerfasst: 16. Sep 2016, 10:59 
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Soon it will be Michaelmas again! :wiwi

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