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 Betreff des Beitrags: Group Names for Birds: A Partial List
BeitragVerfasst: 22. Mär 2017, 00:02 
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Group Names for Birds: A Partial List

A bevy of quail
A bouquet of pheasants [when flushed]
A brood of hens
A building of rooks
A cast of hawks [or falcons]
A charm of finches
A colony of penguins
A company of parrots
A congregation of plovers
A cover of coots
A covey of partridges [or grouse or ptarmigans]
A deceit of lapwings
A descent of woodpeckers
A dissimulation of birds
A dole of doves
An exaltation of larks
A fall of woodcocks
A flight of swallows [or doves, goshawks, or cormorants]
A gaggle of geese [wild or domesticated]
A host of sparrows
A kettle of hawks [riding a thermal]
A murmuration of starlings
A murder of crows
A muster of storks
A nye of pheasants [on the ground]
An ostentation of peacocks
A paddling of ducks [on the water]
A parliament of owls
A party of jays
A peep of chickens
A pitying of turtledoves
A raft of ducks
A rafter of turkeys
A siege of herons
A skein of geese [in flight]
A sord of mallards
A spring of teal
A tidings of magpies
A trip of dotterel
An unkindness of ravens
A watch of nightingales
A wedge of swans [or geese, flying in a "V"]
A wisp of snipe

Zitat:
Any of these group names may properly be used by birders who wish to display their erudition, although it is probably linguistically inaccurate (and it certainly is bad manners) to upbraid someone who refers to "a bunch of ravens" by saying, "Surely you mean `an unkindness of ravens,' my good fellow." Most of these terms date back at least 500 years. Some of them have been in continuous use since then; others have gone out of fashion and been resurrected in the last century or two; still others only exist on lists.

Most of these terms are listed in James Lipton's An Exaltation of Larks. Lipton's list is substantially based on very old sources. There were manuscript lists of group names in the 15th century, and these lists appeared in some of the first books printed in England. Many of them make their first appearance in John Lydgate's Debate between the Horse, Goose, and Sheep (1440); and Lydgate's terms along with others appear in The Book of Hawking and Hunting (also known as The Book of St. Albans) by Dame Juliana Barnes (1486). Whether Lydgate and Barnes coined any of these terms, or whether they were setting down the terms that were considered proper in their day is not known. Many of the terms did catch on, and the lists they appeared on were frequently reprinted.

The best source I know for investigating the histories of English words is the Oxford English Dictionary. Unfortunately, on the question whether these terms ever were or still are appropriate, the OED is not entirely helpful. To make sense of the matter, I have placed the group names into groups--



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 Betreff des Beitrags: Re: Group Names for Birds: A Partial List
BeitragVerfasst: 24. Mär 2017, 01:57 
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Common Names for Gatherings of Birds

Bitterns A siege of bitterns, a sedge of bitterns

Chickens A peep of chickens

Choughs A chattering of choughs

Coots A cover of coots, a raft of coots

Cormorants A flight of cormorants

Cranes A sedge of cranes

Crows A congress of crows, a murder of crows

Curlews A herd of curlews

Doves A dule of doves, a flight of doves, a dole of doves, a cote of coves, a piteousness of doves

Ducks A paddling of ducks, a raft of ducks, a team of ducks, a dopping of ducks

Dunlin A fling of dunlin

Eagles A convocation of eagles

Eggs A clutch of eggs

Falcons A cast of falcons

Finches A charm of finches, a trembling of finches

Flamingos A flamboyance of flamingos

Geese A gaggle of geese, a skein of geese

Goldfinches A charm of goldfinches

Goshawks A flight of goshawks

Grouse A brace of grouse, a covey of grouse

Guillemots A bazaar of guillemots

Gulls A colony of gulls

Hawks A cast of hawks, a kettle of hawks, a cast of hawks

Hens (chickens) A brood of hens

Herons A siege of herons

Hummingbirds A charm of hummingbirds, a troubling of hummingbirds, a hover of hummingbirds

Jays A band of jays, party of jays

Kingfishers A concentration of kingfishers

Lapwings A deceit of lapwings

Larks An exaltation of larks

Loons A raft of loons

Magpies A tiding of magpies

Mallards A sword of mallards, a flush of mallards, a puddling of mallards

Nightingales A watch of nightingales

Owls A parliament of owls, a wisdom of owls

Parrots A company of parrots

Partridges A covey of partridges

Peacocks An ostentation of peacocks, a muster of peacocks

Penguins A colony of penguins, huddles of penguins, a pride of penguins

Pheasants A bouquet of pheasants, a covey of pheasants, a nye of pheasants, a nide of pheasants, a nest of pheasants

Quail A bevy of quail, a covey of quail

Pelicans A squadron of pelicans

Plovers A congregation of plovers, a wing of plovers, a leash of plovers

Ravens A conspiracy of ravens, an unkindness of ravens, a constable of ravens

Rooks A building of rooks, a parliament of rooks

Snipe A walk of snipe, a wisp of snipe

Sparrows A host of sparrows, a quarrel of sparrows

Starlings A murmuration of starlings

Storks A mustering of storks

Swallows A flight of swallows

Swans A ballet of swans, a bevy of swans, a herd of swans, a whiteness of swans

Teal A spring of teal

Turtledoves A pitying of turtledoves

Turkeys A rafter of turkeys, a muster of turkeys

Waterfowl A plump of waterfowl

Woodcock A fall of Woodcock

Woodpeckers A descent of woodpeckers

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